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Perceived Susceptibility to Cardiovascular Disease and Dietary Intake in Women

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Objective: To examine perceived susceptibility to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and dietary behaviors in women. Methods: A 12-page survey and three 24-hour diet recalls were completed by 193 women. Results: Marital status, BMI, income, and age were the only risk factors related to perceived susceptibility. Intention to change diet was not related. However, higher fat and lower fiber intakes were observed in women with more barriers or low self-efficacy for adopting a low-fat diet. Conclusion: Awareness of the role risk factors play in CVD development is needed in women. Interventions that address barriers and self-efficacy may help women with dietary behavior change.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Community Medicine, Prevention Research Center, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.

Publication date: July 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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