Contrasting Costs of a Prostate Cancer Educational Program by Race and Educational Method
Abstract:Objective: To compare the cost-effectiveness of prostate cancer educational programs by African-American versus Caucasian men and educational methods. Method: Four different educational methods were tested with 868 men. Results: The participation rate in the free screening was less for African-American (59%) than for Caucasian men (75%), leading to a greater cost per African-American man screened. However, more African-American men had prostate cancer than did Caucasian men, 6 (1.9%) versus 2 (0.8%), leading to lower costs per prostate cancer detected for African-American men. Conclusion: Targeting African-American men for prostate cancer educational programs is cost-effective and has the potential to significantly reduce prostate cancer mortality rates among African-American men.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 2: School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 3: Colleges of Nursing and Medicine, Associate Director, Cancer Prevention and Control, UNMC/Eppley Cancer Center, UNMC, Omaha, NE. 4: Prostate Cancer Project, College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 5: Prostate Cancer Project, Undergraduate, College of Business, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.
Publication date: 1999-03-01
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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