Contrasting Costs of a Prostate Cancer Educational Program by Race and Educational Method

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Objective: To compare the cost-effectiveness of prostate cancer educational programs by African-American versus Caucasian men and educational methods. Method: Four different educational methods were tested with 868 men. Results: The participation rate in the free screening was less for African-American (59%) than for Caucasian men (75%), leading to a greater cost per African-American man screened. However, more African-American men had prostate cancer than did Caucasian men, 6 (1.9%) versus 2 (0.8%), leading to lower costs per prostate cancer detected for African-American men. Conclusion: Targeting African-American men for prostate cancer educational programs is cost-effective and has the potential to significantly reduce prostate cancer mortality rates among African-American men.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 2: School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 3: Colleges of Nursing and Medicine, Associate Director, Cancer Prevention and Control, UNMC/Eppley Cancer Center, UNMC, Omaha, NE. 4: Prostate Cancer Project, College of Nursing, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 5: Prostate Cancer Project, Undergraduate, College of Business, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Publication date: March 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

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