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Use of a Videotape for Educating Patients about Advance Directives

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Objective: Examine the influence of an 18-minute educational videotape about the usefulness of a health care proxy as an advance directive to enhance patient control over treatment decisions. Methods: Interviews of 204 hospitalized patients who viewed a videotape and 215 control patients who received only written information. Results: Patients reported the videotape was clear and useful, but patients who viewed the videotape did not differ from nonvideotape patients in actual completion or intention to complete a proxy. Conclusion: Although videotapes alone may not increase completion of advance directives, videotapes may be useful as components of multi-faceted efforts to promote advance directives.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: The Advertising Council, New York, NY. 2: Division of Nutrition Sciences, Cornell, Ithaca, NY. 3: Department of Health Policy, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY.

Publication date: March 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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