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OTC Nicotine Patch: Effectiveness Alone and With Brief Physician Intervention

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Objectives: Compare the effectiveness of transdermal nicotine in an OTC (no behavioral support) vs. a physician-based minimal intervention setting (MD). Methods: Three hundred healthy adult smokers completed follow-up visits at Weeks 2, 6, 26, and 52. Subjects purchased 15 mg patches ad lib for 26 weeks. Results: No significant differences in abstinence rates between groups were found. Abstinence rates for all randomized ranged from 4.0% to 9.3%. Abstinence rates for all who purchased patches ranged from 5.3% to 12.5%. Conclusions: Use of OTC nicotine patch resulted in low cessation rates, but comparable to those when patch was combined with brief physician intervention.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Arizona Prevention Center, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. 2: Department of Family and Community Medicine, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. 3: University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. 4: School of Law, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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