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Peer-Led Minimal Intervention: An Exercise Approach for Elderly Women

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Objective: To evaluate the differential effects of a peer-led minimal intervention (MI) and a structured exercise (EX) program on functional capacity of senescent women. Method: Assigned elderly women (n=15, M age=75.1, SD= 6.1) to either a peer-led MI (n=8) or a professionally conducted EX group. The MI group spontaneously began a self-initiated walking program. Results: No significant difference between groups, however, the MI and EX group improved from pre to post in three and four functional fitness measures, respectively. Conclusions: Senescent women initiate a low-risk exercise program led by a peer that is equivalent in efficacy to a structured program led by a professional instructor.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Intermountain Health Care, Salt Lake City, UT. 2: Division of Health Promotion/HKLS, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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