Health Care Costs and Participation in Fitness Programming

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Objective: To investigate the relationship between exercise status and health-care-costs. Methods: A Tobit statistical estimation procedure was used to evaluate health costs associated with regular physical activity. Results: Females, nonexercisers, and subjects who were classified as high users of health care services had significantly (p=<.05) greater costs than males, exercisers and low users of health services. Conclusion: This study offers evidence that worksite wellness programming can facilitate adherence to exercise and that regular exercise may assist in the containment of health costs. However, further research is needed to verify these results.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Health Promotion Programming, Planning, and Evaluation, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. 2: Consumer Economics, Department of Health and Human Development, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. 3: Health Education, Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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