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Alcohol and Motor Vehicle Use: Profile of Drivers and Passengers

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Objective: To compare the ability of four models to discriminate between types of alcohol involved drivers and passengers. Methods: Anonymous questionnaire was administered to 532 undergraduates. Results: Findings from discriminant analyses revealed that though current drinking behavior and perceived normative support best explained DWI and RWID behavior, alcohol purchases made from different types of retail outlets also had independent discriminatory value. Measures representing problem behavior syndrome and early-onset RWID experiences were interpreted to be distal influences on current DWI and RWID behavior. Conclusions: Prevention of DWI/RWID will require a multifaceted strategy that addresses both predisposing factors and current alcohol use/purchasing practices.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Adult, Counseling, Health, and Vocational Education, Kent State University, Kent, OH.

Publication date: January 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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