Value-Neutrality or Gender Bias in Research an Human Relationships Globalization
Today women's movement is far from being unanimous in its general attitude towards globalization, seeking quite often to revindicate itself rather than take its rightful place within the widespread anti-globalization movement. Consequently, its institutional and intellectual agencies or representations, like gender/women's studies, are either (1) seeking a “recognition of the other” within feminist scholarship, or (2) discussing “the Capabilities Approach”, a humanitarian/ humanist position addressed some years ago by Martha C. Nussbaum to Feminist Liberalism. In both cases, directly or indirectly, these proposed discourses/projects raise the problems of women's human rights. However, it seems that only a combination of these two strategies/stances is likely to be effective when seeking possibly global solutions for the most striking effects/examples of multicultural patriarchy. Let us here take the opportunity to outline what this might mean.
Reflecting then rather on the potentially positive aspects of globalization, e.g. unification, we shall take a look at the chances for crosscultural/national influences on the particular patriarchal codes that have hitherto been recognized as discriminating against women in different parts of the world.
This perspective/objective aims at the possible empowerment of women through the replacement of such codes with the adoption of those norms and values worked out in Western cultures, which can not only serve as patterns/models of acquired gender equality, but have proved their applicability for the rest of the world.
In spite the often justified skepticism concerning the real power of any legal regulations aimed actually or potentially at global institutions and their social policies, the recognition and implementation of women's human rights seems to be the most promising tendency in this direction regarding its scope/dimension for the time being. Over half century has passed since the announcement of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, which should be considered as a warrant for further action in this direction assuming, however, its continued development through the implementation of the women's agenda, which is quite new.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2007
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Values and Norms in the Age of Globalization
The authors of this book, scholars from Germany, Austria, the United States, Kirghizia and Poland, seek an answer to the challenges posed to social sciences by the globalization epoch. The challenges apply to such problems as the establishment of rights and rules and institutions governing the existence of supra- and international communities, the development of a common system of ethical values, moral standards and norms (or even the creation of a system of entirely new values, standards and norms) supporting the unification process, as well as the legitimacy and validity of transferring the values and standards and the models of economy and politics characteristic of European culture to other cultures and civilizations. This book raises the questions that are particularly significant to the present-day political practice in its European and global dimensions: the questions of place, role and dimension, as well as topicality or transformations in the post-modern order of the world, of such moral values, standards and norms present in politics as human rights, freedom, justice, responsibility, solidarity, tolerance, forgiveness, peace, security, education, modernization or democracy and law.
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