Abstract:In all, 1,390 maize fields were found within the 25 km2 study area of Accra during the study period with a mean density of 56 locations per km2 and mean acreage of 808.7 m2 (0.08087 hectares). Feral population are evident on the landscape amounting to 69 feral stands. About 98% of all field cases are small in size, less than half a hectare and in very close proximity with each other in the range of 5 -150 m. Highest GM crosspollination rates into overall maize area and total number of conventional fields for seeds acquired through seeds acquired through the formal system amounting to rates of 7.7% and 6.02% respectively. The results therefore lead to the following conclusions.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2009
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- Rural Development through Carbon Finance
In a timely contribution to the international discussion of the post-Kyoto climate regime this study hypothesizes that Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects in the land use and forestry sector are an efficient instrument for climate change mitigation that contributes to rural development and poverty alleviation at the same time. To this end, the study analyzes socio-economic aspects of a forestry project established under the CDM rules considering an East African case study exemplarily. An agricultural household survey in Tanzania delivered the empirical data for the structural equation model at the center of the analysis. Looking at different farm assets it is shown that the benefits of land use-related climate projects go way beyond pure mitigation. They also have a positive impact on a very broad asset base on which poor farm households depend. Hence, the current CDM only allowing for afforestation and reforestation projects is far too restricted to deliver on its twin objective.
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