The following chapter gives an overview of the case study setting and the field research conducted for data collection. At first, the set up and purpose of TIST, the International Small Group and Tree Planting Program is described in more detail. Subsequently, the agricultural household
survey for data collection, which was conducted from March through June 2005 in Tanzania, is portrayed. Special emphasis is put on the sampling procedure and the survey set up in order to ensure representativeness of the study findings. Finally, descriptive results of the case study are presented
with a focus on interesting details as related to the data structure and hypotheses.
Rural Development through Carbon Finance In a timely contribution to the international discussion of the post-Kyoto climate regime this study hypothesizes that Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects in the land use and forestry sector are an efficient instrument for climate change mitigation that contributes to rural development and poverty alleviation at the same time. To this end, the study analyzes socio-economic aspects of a forestry project established under the CDM rules considering an East African case study exemplarily. An agricultural household survey in Tanzania delivered the empirical data for the structural equation model at the center of the analysis. Looking at different farm assets it is shown that the benefits of land use-related climate projects go way beyond pure mitigation. They also have a positive impact on a very broad asset base on which poor farm households depend. Hence, the current CDM only allowing for afforestation and reforestation projects is far too restricted to deliver on its twin objective.