If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com


$25.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


If ten years ago (Referring to 1981 as the essay is from 1991; PP) someone had asked me what I meant by ‘the good life’, I would have been unable to give a sincere answer. From my childhood I learned that it was counterproductive to contemplate such questions. My parents were first generation Americans from poor emigrant families. What was vital for them was ‘to have’ rather than ‘to be’ – therefore they wanted to help me to have a better, i.e. a more secure, life than they themselves experienced. They taught me that the preconditions for such a life were a higher education, ambition and achieving. This world-view was strongly supported all the way up the educational system. Therefore I suppressed existential questions, including the fundamental ‘who am I?’ query and unconsciously identified ‘the good life’ with security, close personal relationships, enjoyment, a good job, material well-being etc. Although I still value these characteristics, neither individually nor collectively are they able to encompass what I now know that I mean by ‘the good life’.

Some turbulence in my personal situation in the mid-1980s slowly but surely led to a change in my values and a new world view began to take form. Earlier I focused on economic effectiveness, both as the leader of a successful international consulting company and as a university professor in economic planning. My academic approach was traditional and highly analytical. I described and explained an economic system based on analyses of its components and their internal relationships. However, intellectual reflection supported by some eye-opening consulting experiences helped me realize that this method, which has been so effective in solving technical problems, was not only inadequate to model complex systems – it could even be destructive, particularly with respect to social systems. ‘Wholes’ have qualities which may not be visible if one attempts to model them by describing their components and the relationships between the component parts; ‘the whole is greater than the sum of its parts’. Concomitant with this change in orientation from analysis to synthesis I changed fields and was appointed professor in the new, holistic discipline Systems Science. And it was no longer economic systems that dominated my interests; I became increasingly focused on social systems – and the most wonderful of all systems, the human being, ‘I’. The suppressed existential queries from my childhood surfaced once again – and this time I was able to shake off the imprints of my upbringing. A more mature and deeply personal answer began to evolve: To live the good life is to seek one’s self and to live in accordance with what you find.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3726/978-3-0353-0384-1_4

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Rational, Ethical and Spiritual Perspectives on Leadership
    The author's experiences in many organizational and cultural contexts are reflected in this book's selection from his writings during the past twenty years. They portray an evolution in his mind-set - from rational to ethical to spiritual perspectives on leadership. This evolution is not just a personal matter; it reflects developments that are taking place, although usually tacitly, at the individual and corporate level throughout the world. A primary motivation underlying the development of the book is to inspire leaders as well as teachers and students of leadership to integrate their hearts, minds and souls when making decisions, and to develop the awareness and conviction that wise and successful leadership is concerned not only with effectiveness and wealth generation, but also with contributing to the well-being and fulfilment of all those whom one serves as a leader. The book is divided into six interrelated themes: Morals and Ethics; Ethical Accounting; Values and Leadership; Identity; Responsibility; and Spiritual-based Leadership.
  • Submit a Paper
  • Purchase hard copy print edition
  • Learn more about Peter Lang @ GSE Research
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more