Radionuclide content and associated radiation hazards of building materials and by-products in Baoji, West China
Authors: Lu, Xinwei; Zhang, Xiaolan
Source: Radiation Protection Dosimetry, Volume 128, Number 4, 19 March 2008 , pp. 471-476(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Seven types of common building materials and by-products of coal-fired power plants collected from Baoji, West China, were analysed for the natural radioactivity of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K using gamma ray spectrometry with an NaI(Tl) detector. The average activity concentrations vary from 23.0 to 112.2, 20.2 to 147.5 and 113.2 to 890.8 Bq kg1 for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K, respectively. The measured activity concentrations for these radionuclides were compared with the data reported from other countries and with the worldwide average activity of soil. As a measure of radiation hazard to the people, the radium equivalent activities, total annual effective dose and activity concentration index were estimated. The radium equivalent activities of the studied samples are below the internationally accepted values. The calculated total annual effective dose and the activity concentration index of seven types of common building materials are <1 mSv y1 and 1, respectively. But fly ash and bottom ash exhibit the higher values that exceed and be close to the acceptable values, respectively. This study shows that the measured building materials do not pose any significant source of radiation hazard and are safe for use in the construction of dwellings. Nevertheless, when fly ash and bottom ash are used in dwelling construction, it is important to assess their radiation potential.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2008-03-19
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