DNA looping in the RNA polymerase I enhancesome is the result of non-cooperative in-phase bending by two UBF molecules
Source: Nucleic Acids Research, Volume 29, Number 15, 1 August 2001 , pp. 3241-3247(7)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The so-called upstream binding factor (UBF) is required for the initial step in formation of an RNA polymerase I initiation complex. This function of UBF correlates with its ability to induce the ribosomal enhancesome, a structure which resembles in its mass and DNA content the nucleosome of chromatin. DNA looping in the enhancesome is probably the result of six in-phase bends induced by the HMG boxes of a UBF dimer. Here we show that insertion/deletion mutations in the basic peptide linker lying between the N-terminal dimerisation domain and the first HMG box of Xenopus UBF prevent the DNA looping characteristic of the enhancesome. Using these mutants we demonstrate that (i) the enhancesome structure does not depend on tethering of the entering and exiting DNA duplexes, (ii) UBF monomers induce hemi-enhancesomes, bending the DNA by 175 ± 24° and (iii) two hemi-enhancesomes are precisely phased by UBF dimerisation. We use this and previous data to refine the existing enhancesome model and show that HMG boxes 1 and 2 of UBF lie head-to-head along the DNA.
Document Type: Original article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, University of Calgary, Alberta T2N 4N1, Canada and 2: Biophysics Laboratories, University of Portsmouth, St Michaels Building, White Swan Road, Portsmouth, UK
Publication date: 2001-08-01
- Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) is a fully Open Access journal, providing rapid publication of leading edge research into the nucleic acids under the following categories: chemistry, computational biology, genomics, molecular biology, nucleic acid enzymes, RNA and structural biology. There is a Survey and Summary section, and methods papers are published
in NAR Methods Online. Each year the first issue is devoted to biological databases, and a later issue to relevant web-based software resources.