Empty follicle syndrome: successful treatment in a recurrent case and review of the literature
Authors: Beck-Fruchter, R.; Weiss, A.; Lavee, M.; Geslevich, Y.; Shalev, E.
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 27, Number 5, 7 May 2012 , pp. 1357-1367(11)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Empty follicle syndrome is a condition in which no oocytes are retrieved after an apparently adequate ovarian response to stimulation and meticulous follicular aspiration. It is a rare condition of obscure etiology. A patient with primary infertility who underwent seven assisted reproductive technique cycles is described. In spite of a satisfactory ovarian response, aspiration yielded no oocytes in four cycles and 1–4 low quality oocytes in three cycles. In the index treatment cycle, ovulation was triggered using GnRH agonist 40h prior to ovum pickup and hCG was added 6h after the first trigger. Eighteen oocytes were recovered, of which 16 were mature and were inseminated by ICSI. Two embryos were transferred 48h after aspiration and nine embryos were cryopreserved. The patient conceived and delivered a healthy boy at 38 weeks of gestation. The literature is reviewed and possible etiologies and treatment options of this enigmatic syndrome are suggested.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-05-07
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.