Trophoblast-derived chemokine CXCL12 promotes CXCR4 expression and invasion of human first-trimester decidual stromal cells
Authors: Ren, Liang; Liu, Yong-Qiao; Zhou, Wen-Hui; Zhang, Yuan-Zhen
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 27, Number 2, 5 February 2012 , pp. 366-374(9)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12/chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 (CXCL12/CXCR4) axis on the crosstalk between human first-trimester trophoblast cells (TCs) and decidual stromal cells (DSCs), to contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms on the interaction between the mother and embryo during pregnancy.
CXCR4 on human first-trimester DSC membranes was detected by flow cytometry. The effects of exogenous CXCL12 or TC-conditioned medium (TCM) on proliferation and invasion of DSCs were examined by measuring proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and an invasion assay, respectively. Finally, a co-culture model was established to investigate the effect of CXCL12 secreted from TCs on motility of DSCs.
The mean (±SEM) percentage of DSCs positive for CXCR4 was 32.32 ± 7.18%. Human recombinant CXCL12 induced an increase in CXCR4 levels on DSCs via binding to CXCR4 (P < 0.01) but had no effect on the PCNA expression of DSCs. Moreover, both exogenous CXCL12 and TCM reinforced the invasive ability of DSCs via CXCR4 ligation. A co-culture model further confirmed that the enhanced invasiveness of DSCs in co-culture with TCs was inhibited by anti-CXCR4 or anti-CXCL12 neutralizing antibody (both P< 0.01).
Human first-trimester DSCs express membrane CXCR4 and TC-derived CXCL12 promotes CXCR4 expression and invasion of DSCs via ligation with CXCR4. Our data highlight the role of CXCL12/CXCR4 axis on the co-operation between TCs and DSCs during human first-trimester pregnancy.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 5 February 2012
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.