Human chorionic gonadotrophin treatment prior to microdissection testicular sperm extraction in non-obstructive azoospermia
Authors: Shiraishi, Koji; Ohmi, Chietaka; Shimabukuro, Tomoyuki; Matsuyama, Hideyasu
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 27, Number 2, 5 February 2012 , pp. 331-339(9)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUNDDespite the improved success rate of sperm retrieval by microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE), methods to stimulate spermatogenesis in men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) remain unexplored. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hCG-based hormonal stimulation in men with NOA on the success of sperm retrieval by micro-TESE.METHODSForty-eight men with NOA who had negative sperm retrieval results by the micro-TESE procedure were included. A second micro-TESE was subsequently performed on these men: 20 were not treated by any hormonal therapy, and 28 subjects received daily subcutaneous injections of hCG for 4-5 months prior to the second micro-TESE. Recombinant FSH was added if endogenous gonadotrophin levels decreased during the hCG stimulation. The sperm retrieval rate at the second micro-TESE; the levels of gonadotrophins, testosterone and estradiol; and the effects of hormonal therapy on testicular histology were evaluated.RESULTSAmong the 28 men with hCG stimulation, 15 (54%) showed decreased LH and FSH levels (0.67 ± 0.10 and 0.96 ± 0.14 mIU, mean ± SEM, respectively) due to elevated serum testosterone (9.5 ng/dl). Sperm were obtained at the second micro-TESE from six men who had received hormonal therapy (21%), whereas no sperm were retrieved from untreated men (P < 0.05). Success at the second micro-TESE was more likely if histology at the first micro-TESE showed hypospermatogenesis.CONCLUSIONSThe Leydig cells of the testis can respond positively to exogenous hCG even under hypergonadotropic conditions. HCG-based hormonal therapy prior to a second micro-TESE attempt is effective in men with hypospermatogenesis.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2012-02-05
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.