Improvements in human sperm quality by long-term in vitro co-culture with isolated porcine Sertoli cells
Authors: Menegazzo, Massimo; Zuccarello, Daniela; Luca, Giovanni; Ferlin, Alberto; Calvitti, Mario; Mancuso, Francesca; Calafiore, Riccardo; Foresta, Carlo
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 26, Number 10, 9 October 2011 , pp. 2598-2605(8)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUNDSpermatogenesis is a complex process where spermatogonial germ cells become spermatozoa with the indispensable support of Sertoli cells (SCs), which provide `ad hoc' structural and nutritional support. Unfortunately, for most sperm dysfunctions, no therapies are yet available except assisted reproductive technologies (ART) that are based on the use of different culture media to preserve sperm in vitro. However, sperm culture is only possible for short periods of time, since long-term culture would invariably and irreversibly damage the cells with negative impact on their fertilization potential.METHODSFresh sperm cells (5 ml of 20 × 106/ml) were co-cultured with SCs layers, derived from prepubertal pig testes or incubated in cell free SC medium or BWW (Biggers, Whitten and Whittingham) medium for 2, 4 or 7 days. Sperm viability, motility, mitochondrial status, DNA fragmentation, chromatin integrity, intracellular calcium and acrosome status were assessed after every co-culture or incubation time, but capacitation and induction of acrosome reaction (AR) with progesterone was only evaluated after 7 days.RESULTSSCs layers derived from prepubertal pig testes (co-culture of sperm and SC feeder, CCSCF) were able to preserve normal sperm viability, motility and normal mitochondrial function, after 7 days of culture; CCSCF did not induce AR or hyperactivation of spermatozoa, keeping the sperm in a quiescent state for 7 days of culture. Nevertheless, the sperm were readily able to initiate AR after stimulation with progesterone.CONCLUSIONSCCSCF maintained good sperm viability and motility for 7 days. This approach could improve retention of sperm viability and motility during ART procedures and maintain sperm viability, during transfer between two distant Centres, avoiding the need for cryopreservation.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2011-10-09
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.