Transcriptome analysis reveals dialogues between human trophectoderm and endometrial cells during the implantation period
Authors: Haouzi, D.; Dechaud, H.; Assou, S.; Monzo, C.; de Vos, J.; Hamamah, S.
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 26, Number 6, 18 June 2011 , pp. 1440-1449(10)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUNDCrosstalk between human trophectoderm (TE) and endometrial cells during the implantation window is a complex and not well-understood process. The aims of this study were (i) to evaluate the global gene expression profile in TE cells from Day 5 human blastocysts issued from IVF, (ii) to compare these data with the transcriptomic profile of endometrial cells in stimulated cycles for IVF and (iii) to identify potential early dialogues between maternal and embryonic cells during the implantation window.METHODSEndometrial biopsies (n = 18) from normal responder patients were performed on the day of embryo transfer (Day 5 after human chorionic gonadotrophin administration). TE biopsies from five blastocysts donated for research purposes were mechanically extracted. DNA microarray analysis was carried out to identify the specific gene expression profiles and the biological pathways activated during the implantation window in endometrial and TE cells.RESULTSSeveral cytokines (such as PDGFA, placenta growth factor, IGF2BP1 and IGF2BP3) were up-regulated in human TE cells, whereas some of the corresponding receptors (PDGFRA and KDR) were over-expressed in the receptive endometrium, suggesting that these molecules are involved in the early dialogue between blastocyst and maternal endometrial cells. In addition, several adhesion molecules and extracellular matrix proteins (MCAM, ITGAE and LAMA1) were also over-expressed in the TE, while others (ALCAM, CEACAM1, PECAM1, ITGB8 and LAMA2) were restricted to the receptive endometrium.CONCLUSIONThe present study shows that several growth factors, cytokines, integrins and adhesion molecules are expressed in the TE and endometrium at the time of implantation. These results could contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms involved in the early dialogue between blastocyst and endometrium during implantation. Such results should be confirmed by further studies.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2011-06-18
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.