The non-ergot derived dopamine agonist quinagolide in prevention of early ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in IVF patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Authors: Busso, Cristiano; Fernndez-Snchez, Manuel; Garca-Velasco, Juan Antonio; Landeras, Jos; Ballesteros, Augustn; Muoz, Elkin; Gonzlez, Sandra; Simn, Carlos; Arce, Joan-Carles; Pellicer, Antonio
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 25, Number 4, 5 April 2010 , pp. 995-1004(10)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUNDOvarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) seems to be induced by the ovarian release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which increases vascular permeability. Dopamine agonists inhibit VEGF receptor phosphorylation and thereby decrease vascular permeability.METHODSA randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre study assessing three oral doses (50, 100, 200 g/day) of the non-ergot derived dopamine agonist quinagolide started on the day of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) and continued for 1721 days without dose-titration in comparison to placebo in preventing moderate/severe early OHSS (onset 9 days after hCG administration) in 182 IVF patients with 20 but less than 30 follicles 10 mm.RESULTSThe incidence of moderate/severe early OHSS was 23 (12/53) in the placebo group and 12 (6/51), 13 (7/52) and 4 (1/26) in the quinagolide 50, 100 and 200 g/day groups, respectively. The moderate/severe early OHSS rate was significantly lower with all quinagolide groups combined compared with placebo [P 0.019; OR 0.28 (0.090.81)]. The incidence of ultrasound evidence of ascites among patients with no clinical pregnancy was significantly reduced from 31 (8/26) with placebo to 11 (8/70) with all quinagolide groups combined [P 0.033; OR 0.29 (0.100.88)], although there was no difference for those with clinical pregnancy. Quinagolide did not have a detrimental effect on pregnancy or live birth rates. The incidence of gastrointestinal and central nervous system adverse events increased with increasing doses of quinagolide.CONCLUSIONSQuinagolide appears to prevent moderate/severe early OHSS while not affecting treatment outcome. The effect is more marked in patients who did not achieve a clinical pregnancy. Quinagolide administered in high doses without dose-titration is associated with poor tolerability.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00329693.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2010-04-05
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.
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- In this Subject: Anatomy & Physiology , Obstetrics & Gynecology
- By this author: Busso, Cristiano ; Fernndez-Snchez, Manuel ; Garca-Velasco, Juan Antonio ; Landeras, Jos ; Ballesteros, Augustn ; Muoz, Elkin ; Gonzlez, Sandra ; Simn, Carlos ; Arce, Joan-Carles ; Pellicer, Antonio