Cumulative reproductive outcome after preimplantation genetic diagnosis: a report on 1498 couples
Authors: Verpoest, W.; Haentjens, P.; De Rycke, M.; Staessen, C.; Sermon, K.; Bonduelle, M.; Devroey, P.; Liebaers, I.
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 24, Number 11, 4 November 2009 , pp. 2951-2959(9)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Couples undergoing preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) have a different background and set of treatment characteristics to couples undergoing regular IVF or ICSI. The aim of this study was to analyse the cumulative reproductive outcome of a large cohort of couples undergoing PGD in relation to a number of explanatory variables potentially affecting the prognosis.
Prospective cohort study, KaplanMeier analysis was performed to estimate real (observed) and expected (calculated) cumulative delivery rates, and Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to assess the effect of age, number of cumulus oocyte complexes collected, fertility status, parity, genetic category and method of pituitary suppression.
Between 1993 and 2005, 2753 unselected consecutive cycles of ICSI and PGD were carried out in 1498 couples. The cumulative observed delivery rate overall per couple with a maximum of six treatment cycles of ICSI and PGD performed was 29. The expected cumulative delivery rate (max six cycles) overall was 62. There were no significant differences in cumulative delivery rates between the different genetic categories (i.e. availability of transferable embryos after PGD of 50 or 75, chromosomal translocations or aneuploidy screening). The cumulative reproductive outcome in this PGD cohort was also not significantly affected by the fertility status of the couple, their parity or the method of pituitary suppression. However, the age of the patient and the number of oocytes contributed significantly to the reproductive results.
This prospective observational study demonstrates that age has a significantly negative effect on outcome of PGD, due to poor reproductive performance of female partners 40 years of age and older. The number of oocytes collected has a significant and independent effect. The other factors studied did not affect the cumulative reproductive outcome in this PGD cohort.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-11-04
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.