Toll-like receptor 4-mediated growth of endometriosis by human heat-shock protein 70
Authors: Khan, Khaleque Newaz; Kitajima, Michio; Imamura, Takehito; Hiraki, Koichi; Fujishita, Akira; Sekine, Ichiro; Ishimaru, Tadayuki; Masuzaki, Hideaki
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 23, Number 10, 4 October 2008 , pp. 2210-2219(10)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUNDWe investigated the role of human heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp70) in Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated growth of endometriosis.METHODSTLR4 expression was examined in macrophages (M) isolated in primary culture from the peritoneal fluid of women with and without endometriosis. The production of a number of macromolecules by non-treated M, Hsp70-treated M and after treatment with anti-TLR4 antibody was examined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The single and combined effects of Hsp70 and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the growth of endometrial stromal cells were analyzed by 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation study. Hsp70 levels in eutopic and ectopic endometria were measured by ELISA.RESULTSTLR4 was detected in isolated M at protein and gene level. Hsp70 (10 g/ml) significantly stimulated the production of hepatocyte growth factor, vascular endothelial cell growth factor, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha by M derived from women with endometriosis compared with M derived from women with no endometriosis (P < 0.05 for each). This effect of Hsp70 was abrogated after pretreatment of M with anti-TLR4 antibody. BrdU incorporation indicated that Hsp70 significantly enhanced the growth of endometrial stromal cells (50 increase) from women with endometriosis compared to non-treated cells. A synergistic effect on cell proliferation was observed between exogenous Hsp70 and LPS and this was significantly suppressed by pretreatment of cells with anti-TLR4 antibody (P < 0.05). Tissue levels of Hsp70 were significantly higher in the eutopic endometria (P < 0.05) and opaque red lesions (P < 0.01) derived from women with endometriosis than from other peritoneal lesions or from women with no endometriosis.CONCLUSIONSA prominent stress reaction was observed in blood-filled opaque red peritoneal lesions. Human Hsp70 induces pelvic inflammation and may be involved in TLR4-mediated growth of endometrial cells derived from women with endometriosis.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2008-10-04
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.