Gonadotrophin stimulation of non-luteinized granulosa cells increases steroid production and the expression of enzymes involved in estrogen and progesterone synthesis
Authors: Lindeberg, M.; Carlström, K.; Ritvos, O.; Hovatta, O.
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 22, Number 2, February 2007 , pp. 401-406(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: In regular IVF treatment, mature oocytes are collected with their luteinized granulosa cells (GCs). When in vitro maturation (IVM) of the oocytes is performed, non-luteinized GCs can be collected. We have investigated how these cells respond to gonadotrophin stimulation in culture. METHODS: GCs were collected from patients undergoing IVM treatment and compared with GCs from IVF patients. The cells were stimulated with FSH and/or hCG. After 48 h, culture media were collected for hormone analysis, and RNA was isolated for gene expression analysis. RESULTS: In IVM GCs, hCG and FSH alone and in combination induced significantly increased progesterone production, and FSH alone and in combination with hCG increased estrogen production. We also studied the gene expression of P-450
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 2007
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.