Elective single embryo transfer in women aged 36–39 years
Authors: Veleva, Zdravka; Vilska, Sirpa; Hydén-Granskog, Christel; Tiitinen, Aila; Tapanainen, Juha S.; Martikainen, Hannu
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 21, Number 8, August 2006 , pp. 2098-2102(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: The elective single embryo transfer policy is the only effective strategy known to minimize the risk of multiple pregnancy. However, little is known about its applicability to women older than 35 years. METHODS: Analysis was carried out on 1224 fresh IVF/ICSI cycles with embryo transfer and 828 frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles of women aged 36–39 years. In the fresh cycles, 335 elective single top quality embryo (eSET), 110 elective single non top quality embryo (nt-eSET), 194 compulsory single embryo (cSET) and 585 double embryo transfers (DET) were carried out. RESULTS: Pregnancy rate/embryo transfer (33.1 versus 29.9%) and live birth rate (26.0 versus 21.9%) in fresh cycles did not differ significantly between the eSET and the DET groups. However, women in the eSET group had a higher cumulative pregnancy rate (54.0% versus 35.0%) and a higher cumulative live birth rate (41.8% versus 26.7%, P < 0.0001) compared with those in the DET group. The cumulative multiple birth rate in the eSET group was 1.7%, whereas in the DET group it was 16.6% (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The eSET policy can be applied also to patients aged 36–39 years, reducing the risk of multiple birth and increasing the safety of assisted reproduction technique (ART) in this age group.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 2006
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.