GnRH antagonists in ovarian stimulation: a treatment regimen of clinicians’ second choice? Data from the German national IVF registry
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 20, Number 9, September 2005 , pp. 2373-2375(3)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The place of GnRH antagonists in ovarian stimulation is controversial. Meta-analyses on studies comparing GnRH agonist and GnRH antagonist treatment regimens have suggested a comparatively lower efficacy of GnRH antagonists, which is likely to have influenced clinicians’ attitudes. This report describes GnRH antagonist utilization for ovarian stimulation in Germany from 2000–2003. Data from the national IVF registry were analysed. The majority of ovarian stimulation cycles are still performed in long GnRH agonist protocols, although a significant increase in GnRH antagonist usage has been noted (P < 0.0001). Two observations support the notion that GnRH antagonists are often utilized as a treatment option in cycles with an unfavourable a priori prognosis: (i) the proportion of GnRH antagonist cycles increases with cycle rank (P < 0.0001, 2 for linear trend); and (ii) GnRH antagonist cycles are more often conducted in older patients as compared to GnRH agonist cycles (P < 0.0001). This has important implications for interpreting clinical performance of GnRH antagonists outside a research context.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Clinic of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Luebeck and 2: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clinic Kempten-Oberallgaeu, Kempten, Germany
Publication date: 2005-09-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.