Antral follicle count and FSH concentration after clomiphene citrate challenge test in the prediction of ovarian response during IVF treatment
Authors: Ng, Ernest Hung Yu; Chan, Carina Chi Wai; Tang, Oi Shan; Ho, Pak Chung
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 20, Number 6, 1 June 2005 , pp. 1647-1654(8)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: We compared: (i) antral follicle count (AFC) in the early follicular phase, after the clomiphene citrate challenge test (CCCT) and before ovarian stimulation following pituitary down-regulation; and (ii) age of women, body mass index, basal and stimulated serum FSH concentrations and AFC in predicting the ovarian response of infertile women aged <40 years with basal FSH <10 IU/l on recruitment in their first IVF cycle. METHODS: Two months prior to the treatment cycle, AFC and basal FSH concentration were determined on day 23 of a spontaneous period and on day 10 after CCCT. All women received a standard stimulation regimen. Ovarian response was represented by the number of oocytes, serum estradiol, the duration and dosage of gonadotrophins. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between basal, stimulated and down-regulated AFC. AFC achieved the best predictive value in relation to the number of oocytes, followed by combined FSH concentration (sum of the two FSH concentrations) and age of women. Both basal AFC and combined FSH concentration were predictive factors of serum estradiol concentration, whereas stimulated FSH concentration was predictive of the total dosage of gonadotrophins. CONCLUSION: Combined FSH concentration after CCCT provides additional information in predicting ovarian response.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2005-06-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.