Prediction of outcomes of assisted reproduction treatment using the calcium ionophore-induced acrosome reaction
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 20, Number 2, February 2005 , pp. 469-475(7)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Sperm concentration and motility are poor predictors of the outcome of intrauterine insemination (IUI), hysteroscopic intratubal insemination (HIT), or complete fertilization failure (CFF) in conventional IVF. We investigated whether the calcium ionophore-induced acrosome reaction (AR) constitutes an additional indicator of CFF and pregnancy that is independent of these semen parameters. METHODS: Infertile couples with no female factor (n=388) and women with tubal obstruction (n=32) were studied: IVF (n=133), ICSI (n=72), HIT (n=245) and IUI (n=61). The percentage of acrosome-reacted sperm in relation to viable sperm was calculated. Receiver operating characteristic curve and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to determine threshold values and the best predictor for CFF and pregnancy. RESULTS: Threshold values of AR for predicting CFF in IVF and pregnancy in IVF and HIT + IUI were 21, 26 and 22% respectively. These values were independent of the conventional semen analysis parameters. CFF was lower (2 versus 20%; P<0.01) and the pregnancy rate was higher (46 versus 24% P<0.05) for those with AR >21% in IVF. CFF and pregnancy rate in ICSI did not differ according to AR. Pregnancy rate was higher for those with an AR >22% for HIT + IUI (23 versus 11% P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Ionophore-induced AR appears to be a useful indicator in addition to routine semen analysis for selection of patients for treatment with appropriate assisted reproduction procedure.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and 2: Department of Obstetrics, Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan 3: Department of Epidemiology, Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima and
Publication date: 2005-02-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.