10, 15 reciprocal translocation in an infertile man: ultrastructural and fluorescence in-situ hybridization sperm study: Case report
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 18, Number 11, November 2003 , pp. 2302-2308(7)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Peculiar sperm defects are described in a sterile man heterozygous for a balanced translocation t(10;15) (q26;q12). As this structural reorganization was absent in the parents, the translocation must have appeared de novo in the present patient. METHODS: Spermatozoa were analysed under light and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) was performed on the lymphocyte karyotype. Aneuploidy frequencies of chromosomes 18, X and Y in sperm nuclei, not involved in the translocation, were investigated using three-colour FISH. Dual- colour FISH was used to evaluate segregation of chromosomes 10, 15 in decondensed sperm nuclei. Moreover, three-colour FISH, using telomeric probes for chromosomes 10, 15 was performed in order to distinguish balanced and unbalanced gametes. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Overall, structural characteristics indicate general immaturity of the germinal cells. FISH sperm analysis detected an increase in chromosome 18 disomy (0.81%) suggesting an interchromosomal effect. A high frequency of diploidies, particularly 18,18,X,X and 18,18,X,Y, was also found. FISH segregation analysis for chromosomes 10, 15 indicated that 32.8% were balanced gametes, whereas 68.2% were unbalanced. Taken together, these data demonstrate in a male carrier of a reciprocal translocation t(10;15) the presence of diffuse ultrastructural sperm alterations and a high frequency of sperm aneuploidies. The existence of a correlation among these factors is proposed.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Reproductive Medicine, Section of Biology, University of Siena, 2: Department of Pathological Anatomy and Genetics D.A.P.E.G, University of Bari, Bari, Italy
Publication date: 2003-11-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.