Pronuclear morphology scoring and chromosomal status of embryos in severe male infertility
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 17, Number 12, December 2002 , pp. 3193-3200(8)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: The study aim was to evaluate the relationship between pronuclei morphology scoring (PNMS) and the chromosomal complement of embryos in couples with severe male infertility undergoing ICSI. A total of 3116 pre-embryos was scored according to PNMS in 452 cycles. METHODS: Pre-embryos were classified into eight categories based on the alignment, size, linear or irregular distribution of pronuclear bodies (PNB), position and clarity of cytoplasmic halo and abutting of the pronucleus. These categories were subdivided into groups I and II according to the similarity and distribution of PNB. RESULTS: In total, 2574 pre-embryos formed by using ejaculated sperm, while 542 pre-embryos developed by injection of testicular sperm or round spermatids. More group II pre-embryos with markedly different morphology from group I were formed after ICSI with testicular sperm than with fresh ejaculated sperm (32.1 versus 22.7%, P < 0.01). Of 490 pre-embryos in which pronuclear morphology was evaluated, 263 were biopsied for preimplantation genetic diagnosis. The rate of chromosomal abnormality was higher in embryos developed from group II pre-embryos (52.2%) than in embryos developed from group I prezygotes (37.6%, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Group II pre-embryos had markedly different morphology from group I, and had a low rate of blastocyst formation and high risk of chromosomally abnormal embryos. When testicular sperm and round spermatids were used for ICSI, more group II pre-embryos and chromosomally abnormal embryos were produced than with ejaculated sperm. Pronuclear morphology was correlated with chromosomal complement, and impacted upon by the sperm source.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Istanbul Memorial Hospital, Reproductive Endocrinology and ART Unit, Istanbul, Turkey, 2: Ataturk University, School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Erzurum, Turkey, 3: Von Helmont Hospital, IVF Center, Brussels, Belgium
Publication date: 2002-12-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.