Ovarian stimulation in intrauterine insemination with donor sperm: a randomized study comparing clomiphene citrate in fixed protocol versus highly purified urinary FSH
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 17, Number 8, August 2002 , pp. 2107-2111(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to compare the results of intrauterine donor insemination (DI) under ovarian stimulation with either clomiphene citrate (CC), in a fixed protocol, or FSH, with ovarian monitoring. METHODS: Forty-nine patients were randomized using a computer-generated list to receive highly purified urinary FSH (starting dose of 150 IU) and were subjected to periodic vaginal ultrasound and estradiol determinations. HCG was given when 2 follicles (17 mm) were identified and estradiol reached >400 pg/ml. Intrauterine insemination (IUI) was performed 36 h later. The other 51 received CC on a fixed protocol (100 mg/day from the day 510 of the ovarian cycle) with HCG being administered on the day 12, and IUI performed 36 h later. Up to six IUI cycles were performed on all patients if pregnancy was not reached before. Women failing to conceive in the CC group underwent IUI with FSH. The main outcome measures were intrauterine gestational sac observed by transvaginal ultrasound, per cycle and per woman pregnancy rate (PR) and multiple PR. RESULTS: The per cycle PR was significantly higher in the FSH group, 14.4% (30/209) versus 6.1% (16/261), as well as the per woman PR, 61.2% (30/49) versus 31.4% (16/51). 12.5% (2/16) of pregnancies obtained in the CC group were multiple, compared with 20% (6/30) in the FSH group. There were no triplets or higher order pregnancies in CC versus two in FSH (6.7% of pregnancies). Patients failing to conceive with CC, who later underwent intrauterine DI with FSH, had similar results to the primary FSH group: 54.3% PR per patient (19/35) and 16.0% per cycle (19/118), with a multiple PR of 31.6% (6/19). The PR for women starting with CC cycles and, if pregnancy was not obtained, continuing with six FSH cycles, was 69.2%. CONCLUSIONS: The PR obtained with CC stimulation was approximately half that obtained with FSH. There was a trend to lower multiple PR with CC. It is recommended that each case should be considered on an individual basis and the treatment options discussed with patients. In our opinion, CC could be a reasonable approach for young women with good prognosis, whereas in the remaining cases FSH would be the preferable method.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2002-08-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.