Prevalence of genetic markers for thrombophilia in recurrent pregnancy loss
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 17, Number 6, June 2002 , pp. 1633-1637(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: The genetic predispositions to venous thrombosis such as factor V Leiden (FVL) mutation (Arg 506 Gln), prothrombin (FII) gene mutation (G20210A), and mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene (C677T) have been reported to be associated with recurrent pregnancy loss. This paper examines the prevalence of markers for genetic thrombophilias in women with recurrent miscarriage. METHODS: The prevalence of FVL, FII G20210A and MTHFR C677T was compared in 108 women with three or more pregnancy losses either exclusively in the first trimester, or mixed first and second trimester losses, with the prevalence found in 82 fertile parous control women without miscarriages. Markers for the thrombophilias were assessed by PCR analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-three of the 108 patients (21.3%), had thrombophilia markers, which was similar to the proportion of patients in the control group (20.7%) with these markers. The prevalences of FVL and FII G20210A were lower in the study group than in the control group (3.7 versus 6.1% for FVL and 4.6 versus 6.1% for FII respectively); however, the difference was not statistically significant. In contrast, the prevalence of MTHFR C677T was higher in the study group than the control population (13 versus 8.5% respectively), but this difference was not statistically significant. There was no statistically significant prevalence of any particular thrombophilia in patients with previous first and second trimester pregnancy losses compared with patients with first trimester losses alone. CONCLUSION: Thrombophilia was not found to be associated with recurrent pregnancy loss.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, 2: Institute of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Publication date: 2002-06-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.