Should patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome be treated with metformin?
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 17, Number 4, April 2002 , pp. 853-856(4)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Hyperinsulinaemia has proved to be a key link in the enigmatic generation of the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), i.e. anovulatory infertility and the skin stigmata induced by hyperandrogenism. Regression of these symptoms may be achieved by reducing the hyperinsulinaemia. As obesity exaggerates the expression of the symptoms induced by hyperinsulinaemia, a low calorie diet and lifestyle change resulting in loss of weight for obese women with PCOS is capable of reversing these symptoms. Insulin-sensitizing agents, predominately metformin, have been examined for their ability, in all patients with PCOS, to achieve similar beneficial changes to those induced by loss of weight in the obese. While the scientific value of many of these studies is questionable and solid evidence of efficiency and safety is not complete, the honourable intent of lowering high insulin levels in this way prompts the bottom line of this debate to strike a note of cautious optimism that insulin-sensitizing agents will be of some clinical usefulness both in the short-term aiding of infertility treatment and, possibly, in the prevention of the long-term sequelae for this troublesome and very prevalent condition.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-04-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.