Early pregnancy. Preimplantation exposure to high insulin-like growth factor I concentrations results in increased resorption rates in vivo
Authors: Pinto, A.B.; Schlein, A.L.
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 17, Number 2, February 2002 , pp. 457-462(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome suffer increased rates of miscarriage. Elevated insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentrations have been implicated. Here, we hypothesize that the high concentrations of IGF-I result in miscarriage, represented by decreased normal pregnancy rates and increased resorption rates in a mouse model. METHODS: In-vitro studies: 2-cell embryos were cultured in either 1.3 or 130 nmol/l IGF-I; or 500 nmol/l IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) sense and antisense oligoprobes for 72 h. Embryos were then transferred into pseudo-pregnant ICR females. In-vivo studies: IGF-I-containing slow-release pellets or mock pellets were implanted within the uterine horn in ICR female mice. For both studies, the recipient females were killed on day 14.5 and the numbers of normal implantation sites versus resorption sites were recorded. RESULTS: In-vitro studies: blastocysts cultured in low IGF-I exhibited significantly higher normal implantation rates than blastocysts cultured in high IGF-I concentrations (P < 0.01). Blastocysts cultured in IGF-IR sense oligoprobes exhibited a significantly higher normal implantation rate than blastocysts cultured in antisense oligoprobes. In-vivo studies: mice implanted with IGF-I-containing pellets exhibited significantly lower normal implantation rates as compared with mock-pellet controls (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: High preimplantation IGF-I concentrations in vitro or in vivo lead to increased resorption rates in the mouse.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and
Publication date: February 2002
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.