Andrology. Developmental potential of human spermatogenic cells co-cultured with Sertoli cells
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 17, Number 1, January 2002 , pp. 161-172(12)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Development of an in-vitro culture system capable of supporting human early germ cell differentiation would be important for treatment of azoospermic patients. METHODS: Sertoli cells, spermatogonia and spermatocytes were isolated from testicular biopsies of 61 non-obstructive azoospermic patients, and co-cultured using Vero cell conditioned medium only or supplemented with recombinant (r)FSH or rFSH plus testosterone. Germ cell purity was checked by fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) analysis. RESULTS: Best results were achieved with both hormones, which elicited 6.9% of meiosis index and 22.7% of differentiation into normal late spermatids after 2–3 weeks of culture. In-vitro matured spermatids were microinjected into oocytes to study their developmental potential. Round spermatids elicited 37.5% of fertilization and 28.6% blastocyst rates. Abnormal elongating and elongated spermatids enabled 8.3 and 27.3% fertilization rates respectively, but none achieved the blastocyst stage. Normal elongating and elongated spermatids elicited 30.5% fertilization and 42.9% of blastocyst rates. FISH analysis showed sex chromosome anomalies in all embryos, except in the case of morulae from normal late spermatids. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that meiosis and spermiogenesis can be resumed in vitro, with normal differentiated spermatids showing a low fertilization potential but regular rates of blastocyst formation. However, most of the embryos did not reach the morula stage and showed major sex chromosome abnormalities.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-01-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.