Reproductive epidemiology. Moderate alcohol consumption and waiting time to pregnancy
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 16, Number 12, December 2001 , pp. 2705-2709(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates that even a moderate consumption of alcohol in women trying to become pregnant is associated with longer waiting time to pregnancy. The findings, though, are based upon few observations. METHODS: Self-reported data on alcohol intake and waiting time to pregnancy (0–2, 3–5, 6–12 and >12 months) was used for 39 612 pregnant women, recruited to the Danish National Birth Cohort within the first 24 weeks of pregnancy from 1997 to 2000. Main outcome measures were odds ratios (OR) for a prolonged waiting time to pregnancy according to alcohol intake. RESULTS: In nulliparous women neither moderate nor high alcohol intake was related with longer waiting time to pregnancy compared with a low intake. In parous women, a modest association was seen only among those with an intake of >14 drinks per week (subfecundity OR 1.3; 95% confidence interval 1.0–1.7). Women who reported no alcohol intake had a slightly longer waiting time (subfecundity OR 1.2; 95% confidence interval 1.1–1.3) than women with a moderate intake of alcohol. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not corroborate recent results suggesting a marked reduction in fecundity associated with a moderate intake of alcohol.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Danish Epidemiology Science Centre at the Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, 5, Artillerivej, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, 2: Department of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, 3, Blegdamsvej, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, 3: Danish Epidemiology Science Centre at the Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen Hospital Corporation, Kommunehospitalet, DK-1399 Copenhagen K and
Publication date: 2001-12-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.