Embryology. Effect of retinoic acid on implantation and post-implantation development of mouse embryos in vitro
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 16, Number 10, October 2001 , pp. 2171-2176(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: This study was designed to examine the embryotoxic potential of retinoic acid (RA) at the blastocyst stage and during early post-implantation development of mouse embryos in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS: All-trans retinoic acid (t-RA) was administered to ICR mice embryos at a dose level of 0, 0.001 mol/l, 0.1 mol/l and 10 mol/l throughout in-vitro culture. A total of 404 embryos was randomly assigned to all different dose groups. The percentage of embryos in later stages of development changed depending upon the dose of RA used. Exposure to 10 mol/l of t-RA at the blastocyst stage, implanted blastocyst stage or early oocyte stage was also found to cause different degrees of retardation of embryo development and embryo death. These findings demonstrate, for the first time, that RA exerts an adverse effect on embryo growth during the early post-implantation stages of development, in comparison with day 3 to day 8 of gestation in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Although isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) is effective for the therapy of cystic acne and other dermatological disorders, retinoid treatment should be avoided at the early post-implantation stage of gestation.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 2001
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.