Andrology. Percutaneous cutting needle biopsies for histopathological assessment and sperm retrieval in men with azoospermia
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 16, Number 10, October 2001 , pp. 2154-2159(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Twenty-three men (45 testes) with azoospermia underwent percutaneous testicular biopsy under local anaesthesia. METHODS: In all but one of the 45 testes two biopsies were taken close to each other, one with a 16 gauge (n = 44) and another with a 14 gauge (n = 45) cutting needle, both with a 19 mm notch. Three quarters of the tissue was used for histopathological assessment and one quarter for direct microscopy. RESULTS: The histopathological findings were similar between the two needles. The observations with direct microscopy corresponded with the histopathological assessments concerning the presence of mature spermatids in 41 of 45 (91%) biopsies using the 14 gauge and in 40 of 44 (91%) biopsies using the 16 gauge needle. There were no post-operative complications except for minimal pain and minor local swelling. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous material retrieved using 16 gauge and 14 gauge needles is sufficient for histopathological assessment, and the two needles are equally reliable for testicular sperm retrieval. However, needle biopsy with one puncture may not be representative of the entire testis.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 2001
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.