Embryology. Laser zona pellucida thinning—an alternative approach to assisted hatching
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 16, Number 9, September 2001 , pp. 1959-1964(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and hatching characteristics of in-vitro cultured human embryos subjected to laser zona pellucida thinning. METHOD: Zona thinning was performed on 110 embryos using a non-contact 1.48 m diode laser and the hatch rate in vitro was compared with 42 control embryos. Variation of zona thickness and degree of zona expansion was assessed. Scanning electron microscopy was performed on embryos entrapped during hatching to identify the site of hatching. RESULTS: The rate of hatching was significantly higher in laser thinned blastocysts compared with control embryos (68 versus 33% respectively, P < 0.01). Laser thinning increased the variation of zona thickness in embryos from 11.6–27.3%. Natural zona thinning occurred in 92% of laser thinned hatching blastocysts and 100% of control embryos. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that laser zona thinning is effective and may provide significant advantages over conventional assisted hatching techniques, which create holes.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-09-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.