Frequency of disordered zona pellucida (ZP)-induced acrosome reaction in infertile men with normal semen analysis and normal spermatozoa–ZP binding
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 16, Number 6, June 2001 , pp. 1185-1190(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Results of zona pellucida (ZP)-induced acrosome reaction (AR) are reported for 186 normospermic men with unexplained infertility and compared with 34 normal fertile men and 54 patients with disordered ZP-induced AR (DZPIAR) diagnosed after failure of standard IVF. For each ZP-induced AR test, four oocytes that failed to fertilize in IVF were incubated for 2 h with 2×106/ml motile spermatozoa. Spermatozoa tightly bound to the ZP were recovered by aspirating the oocytes with a pipette and the AR assessed using pisum sativum agglutinin labelled with fluorescein. The standard deviation of the difference was 5.2% for repeated tests for ZP-induced AR on different ejaculates from 54 men. The ranges for the ZP-induced AR were 3–98% for normospermic infertile men, 24–95% for fertile men and 0–16% for DZPIAR patients. In the normospermic group, there was a significant correlation between ZP-induced AR and sperm concentration (Spearman r = 0.238, P < 0.001). Using ZP-induced AR ≤16% as the threshold for diagnosis of DZPIAR, the frequency of this condition in normospermic infertile men would be 25%. Thus DZPIAR is common with normospermic idiopathic infertility and this condition should be diagnosed before assisted reproductive technology since it requires intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 2001
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.