Factor V Leiden and acquired activated protein C resistance among 1000 women with recurrent miscarriage
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 16, Number 5, May 2001 , pp. 961-965(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Activated protein C (APC) resistance, both in its congenital form, due to the factor V Leiden mutation, and in its acquired form, are important risk factors for systemic venous thrombosis. In view of the suspected thrombotic aetiology of some cases of recurrent miscarriage, the prevalence of APC resistance was determined among 1111 consecutive Caucasian women with a history of either recurrent early miscarriage (three or more consecutive pregnancy losses at <12 weeks gestation; n = 904) or a history of at least one late miscarriage (>12 weeks gestation; n = 207). A control group of 150 parous Caucasian women with no previous history of adverse pregnancy outcome was also studied. Acquired APC resistance was significantly more common among both women with recurrent early miscarriage (8.8%: 80/904; P = 0.02) and those with late miscarriage (8.7%: 18/207; P = 0.04) compared with controls (3.3%: 5/150). In contrast, the frequency of the factor V Leiden allele was similar among (i) women with recurrent early miscarriage (3.3%:60/1808; 58 heterozygotes and one homozygote), (ii) those with late miscarriage (3.9%:16/414; 14 heterozygotes and one homozygote) and (iii) the control group (4.0%:12/300; 12 heterozygotes). Acquired but not congenital APC resistance (due to the factor V Leiden mutation) is associated with both early and late miscarriage.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Reproductive Science and Medicine, Imperial College School of Medicine at St Mary's, 2: Department of Haematology, St Mary's Hospital NHS Trust and 3: Department of Haematology, University College London Hospitals Trust, London, UK
Publication date: 2001-05-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.