Technical results of falloposcopy for infertility diagnosis in a large multicentre study
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 16, Number 5, May 2001 , pp. 925-930(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Despite increasing evidence of its potential clinical value, falloposcopy has not yet found widespread use. In a large prospective international multicentre study we investigated the hypothesis that limited technical reproducibility may be of crucial significance in this regard. From 1994 to 1998, data on 367 patients with 639 tubes were recorded from 18 centres (median number of falloposcopies 22). Falloposcopy was performed using hysteroscopic ostium access, coaxial tubal cannulation and retrograde visualization under laparoscopic control. The procedure was successful in 69.6% of the tubes. Failures occurred in 6.1% during hysteroscopy, in 10.6% during the cannulation step and in 16.4% during visualization. While predominantly intracavitary pathology or thick endometrium were found to interfere with hysteroscopic ostium access, technical insufficiencies resulting in catheter damage or vision disturbing light reflexions were identified to be responsible for most cannulation and visualization failures, confirming the importance of these factors. The number of patients who received a complete falloposcopic evaluation did not exceed 57%. Additionally, 23.7% of patients may have profited from unilateral success depending on the individual indication. As a consequence of these technically limited results it was concluded that the method currently qualifies for selected indications rather than for routine clinical application.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2001-05-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.