Embryology. Morphological evaluation of human embryos and derivation of an embryo quality scoring system specific for day 3 embryos: a preliminary study
Authors: Desai, Nina N.; Goldstein, Jessica; Rowland, Douglas Y.
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 15, Number 10, October 2000 , pp. 2190-2196(7)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:A scoring system specific for day 3 embryos has not been extensively explored. Most IVF laboratories continue to grade embryos solely on the basis of cell number and percentage fragmentation as was traditionally done for day 2 embryos. Additional morphological features, some unique to day 3 embryos, may be useful in selecting embryos most likely to blastulate and implant. The objective of this study was to derive an embryo scoring system for day 3 transfers which is predictive of positive pregnancy outcomes. A total of 316 transferred embryos from 93 patients was recorded on videotape and evaluated. The following parameters were used to grade the embryos: cell number, fragmentation pattern (FP), cytoplasmic pitting, compaction, equal sized blastomeres, blastomere expansion and absence of vacuoles. The clinical pregnancy rate was 41.9%, with an implantation rate of 18% per embryo transferred. The mean number of embryos transferred per patient was 3.4. Three formulae were derived to score embryo quality in each transfer based on the average score of individual embryos transferred. In the first scoring system, cell number alone was used to predict pregnancy outcome. The second scoring system was based on blastomere number and the observed FP. The third scoring system utilized both blastomere number and FP but also combined this with five morphological criteria to yield a final day 3 embryo quality (D3EQ) score. We found the D3EQ score to be prognostic of pregnancy outcome. This study suggests that although cell number and FP are certainly predictors of positive pregnancy outcomes, additional parameters specific to day 3 embryos should be used to stratify a cohort of embryos further.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2000-10-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.