Embryology. Embryonic development in vitro is compromised by the ICSI procedure
Authors: Griffiths, T.A.; Murdoch, A.P.
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 15, Number 7, July 2000 , pp. 1592-1596(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The implantation rates achieved with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are equivalent to those with conventional in-vitro fertilization (IVF) but information on embryonic development in vitro after ICSI is scant. In this paper we compare blastocyst formation after IVF and ICSI; we have also investigated the effect of the ICSI procedure with internal control of extrinsic (including paternal) factors. The first series comprised cases of IVF treatment (n = 101) for tubal infertility and ICSI (n = 96) for male infertility. The proportions of embryos developing to the blastocyst stage was significantly lower after ICSI (8.9%, P < 0.001) than after conventional IVF (23.5%). In order to investigate the effect of the ICSI procedure in isolation, blastocyst formation was analysed in a second series of eight cases, in which sibling oocytes were non-selectively subjected to ICSI (n = 78) or IVF (n = 67) with spermatozoa from the same semen sample. It was found that 20% of ICSI embryos and 50% of IVF embryos formed blastocysts (P < 0.01), demonstrating that the ICSI procedure contributes to a reduced capacity for blastocyst formation in vitro.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2000-07-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.