Endocrinology. Elevated FSH concentrations in imminent ovarian failure are associated with higher FSH and LH pulse amplitude and response to GnRH
Authors: de Koning, Corry H.; Popp-Snijders, Corrie; Schoemaker, Joop
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 15, Number 7, July 2000 , pp. 1452-1456(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Imminent ovarian failure (IOF) in women is characterized by regular menstrual cycles and elevated early follicular phase FSH. This study explored underlying neuroendocrine causes of elevated FSH concentrations on day 3 of the menstrual cycle. The characteristics of episodic secretion of FSH and LH, the pituitary response to gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH), plasma oestradiol, and dimeric inhibin A and inhibin B on day 3 were compared in 13 women with elevated FSH concentrations (>10 IU/l) and 16 controls. FSH amplitudes were higher in the IOF group than in the controls (P < 0.0001). The FSH pulse frequency did not differ between groups. The FSH response to GnRH was higher in the IOF patients than in the controls (P < 0.0001). Mean LH, LH amplitude and LH response to GnRH were higher in the IOF group, but LH pulse frequency did not differ between the groups. Concentrations of inhibin A and inhibin B were lower in the IOF group, while oestradiol showed no differences. We concluded that in women with IOF, the pituitary is more sensitive to GnRH. This leads to higher FSH and LH pulse amplitudes which underlie the elevated FSH concentrations in the early follicular phase.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2000-07-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.