Reproductive pathology. Polycystic ovaries and recurrent miscarriage—a reappraisal
Authors: Rai, Raj; Backos, May; Rushworth, Frances
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 15, Number 3, March 2000 , pp. 612-615(4)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The prevalence of polycystic ovaries (PCO) was established amongst 2199 consecutive women (median age 33 years; range 19–46) with a history of recurrent miscarriage (median 3; 3–14). A diagnosis of PCO was made if the ovarian volume was enlarged (>9 ml), there were ≥10 cysts of 2–8 mm in diameter in one plane and there was increased density of the stroma. In a cohort study, the prospective pregnancy outcome of 486 of the women scanned who were antiphospholipid antibody negative and who received no pharmacological treatment during their next pregnancy was studied. The prevalence of PCO was 40.7% (895/2199). The livebirth rate was similar amongst women with PCO (60.9%; 142/233) compared to that amongst women with normal ovarian morphology (58.5%; 148/253; not significant). Neither an elevated serum luteinizing hormone concentration (>10 IU/l) nor an elevated serum testosterone concentration (>3 nmol/l) was associated with an increased miscarriage rate. Polycystic ovarian morphology is not predictive of pregnancy loss amongst ovulatory women with recurrent miscarriage conceiving spontaneously. The search for a specific endocrine abnormality that can divide women with PCO into those with a good and those with a poorer prognosis for a future successful pregnancy continues.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2000-03-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.