Reproductive pathology. Reproductive features in women developing ovarian granulosa cell tumour at a fertile age
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 15, Number 3, March 2000 , pp. 589-593(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Ovarian granulosa cell tumour (GCT) is a rare malignancy, which has been linked to both infertility and infertility treatment with ovulation inducers. The reproductive features were analysed of 146 women with GCT diagnosed between 1956 and 1996. During the study period no changes were found in the mean age (53 years), menopausal status (59% postmenopausal), parity (32% nulliparous) or tumour size or stage at diagnosis. The clinical features in women with GCT at fertile age were compared with GCT diagnosed later in life and to population-based data. Nulliparity (50%) and history of infertility (22%) were more frequent if the tumour occurred at fertile age (n = 50). Of the 12 infertile cases, seven had anovulatory infertility (58%); 11 occurred during the era of ovulation inducers, but only five had used these drugs (clomiphene citrate in five patients, gonadotrophins in two, and tamoxifen in one patient) and no patient had undergone in-vitro fertilization. Endometrial hyperplasia was associated with GCT at all ages, while endometrial cancer was found solely after the age of 45 years. In conclusion, GCT at fertile age is associated with nulliparity and with a clinical presentation of anovulatory infertility, while GCT later in life is associated with a more normal average fertility pattern and with occurrence of endometrial cancer.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2000-03-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.