Genetics and genetic diagnosis. Cystic fibrosis gene mutations and infertile men with primary testicular failure
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 15, Number 2, February 2000 , pp. 436-439(4)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:It has been proposed that the gene responsible for cystic fibrosis, called the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, may play an important role in the process of spermatogenesis. A group of azoospermic men with primary testicular failure underwent CFTR mutation analysis, including assessment of the intron 8 polythymidine tract (IVS8-T tract). An association was not found between CFTR mutations or the 5T variant of the IVS8-T tract and the primary testicular failure phenotype. This finding suggests that CFTR does not play a significant role in the aetiopathogenesis of primary spermatogenic dysfunction. Therefore, the abnormal testicular histological findings in some post-pubertal men with cystic fibrosis may be a result of nutritional deficiency or testicular obstruction rather than a primary defect in spermatogenesis. In addition, the decreased sperm count in oligozoospermic men with CFTR mutations may be secondary to partial reproductive tract obstruction and not abnormal spermatogenesis. Lastly, routine screening of men with primary testicular failure for CFTR gene mutations is not warranted.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, 2: Department of Genetics, Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, 3: Programme in Integrative Biology, Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario,
Publication date: 2000-02-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.