Uterus and endometrium. Endometrial histomorphometry of trimegestone-based sequential hormone replacement therapy: a weighted comparison with the endometrium of the natural cycle
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 14, Number 10, October 1999 , pp. 2609-2618(10)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:Histomorphometric changes in the endometrium were evaluated under the effect of a trimegestone-based sequential hormone replacement therapy (HRT) regimen, and the findings were compared to those in endometrium of the natural cycle. Endometrial samples were taken from postmenopausal women who completed a randomized, double blind, dose-ranging study of oral trimegestone (0.05, 0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 mg per day) from day 15 to day 28 with continuous micronized oestradiol 2 mg daily for six treatment cycles. The HRT-treated endometrium, irrespective of the dose, had a smaller mean total glandular area, smaller average glandular diameter, smaller mean total vascular space area and diameter than the luteal phase. Stromal cellularity was similar in the four dose groups. There were reduced glandular secretions in the endometrium from the high dose group. The relative weighting of these histological parameters was evaluated by linear discriminant analysis. The weighted values were dose independent, and may therefore represent either a specific effect of trimegestone, number of days administered, or both. We have constructed an equation to assign a value for a histological parameter which determines the position on linear discriminant functions. These assigned values can be used in other sequential HRT regimens to determine the relative influence of a given progestogen on endometrial morphology in relation to different phases of the natural cycle.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Gynaecology Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Robert Kilpatrick Clinical Sciences Building, Leicester Royal Infirmary, PO Box 65, Leicester LE2 7LX, 2: Pathology Department, Trafford General Hospital, Manchester M41 5SL and 3: Pathology Department, West Suffolk Hospital,Bury St Edmunds IP33 2QZ, UK
Publication date: 1999-10-01
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.