Immunology. Immunoregulatory activity of decidua in spontaneous early pregnancy loss
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 14, Number 9, September 1999 , pp. 2252-2256(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The present study aimed to address whether the immunoregulatory properties of the molecules secreted within decidua were altered in women suffering spontaneous miscarriage, compared with apparently normal fertile women. Unfractionated decidual cells from 22 women undergoing therapeutic pregnancy terminations and 25 women experiencing a sporadic spontaneous early pregnancy loss were isolated, cultured for 24 h and 72 h, and supernatants were collected. The effect of decidual supernatants on phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-induced peripheral blood lymphocyte proliferation was investigated. Immunosuppressive activity was detected in 24 h cell culture supernatants from 91% of therapeutic abortion cases compared with only 64% of spontaneous abortion samples; 72 h supernatants from all of therapeutic abortion samples and 90% of spontaneous abortion cases suppressed lymphoproliferation. The remaining spontaneous abortion samples (36% of 24 h supernatants; 10% of 72 h supernatants) enhanced or had no effect on lymphocyte proliferation. Enhancement of lymphocyte proliferation was not observed in therapeutic abortion samples, and the association between stimulation of cell proliferation and spontaneous abortion was significant for 24 h decidual cell supernatants at 50% concentration (P = 0.02). These findings suggest that in a subgroup of women experiencing spontaneous early pregnancy loss, soluble factors within decidua display altered immune responses that may be implicated in the complex process of fetal rejection.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1999
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.