Andrology. Pregnancies achieved after frozen–thawed pronuclear oocytes obtained by intracytoplasmic sperm injection with spermatozoa extracted from frozen–thawed testicular tissues from non-obstructive azoospermic men
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 14, Number 8, August 1999 , pp. 2031-2035(5)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:The use of frozen–thawed testicular tissue as a source of spermatozoa for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in non-obstructive azoospermia yields favourable fertilization and pregnancy rates while avoiding both repetitive biopsies and unexpected cycle cancellations. Spermatozoa were obtained from frozen–thawed testicular biopsy specimens from 67 non-obstructive azoospermic men. Following fertilization, supernumerary two pronuclear (2PN) oocytes were frozen. After thawing, 17 cycles of embryo transfer were carried out with a mean number of 2.7 embryos and a mean cumulative embryo score (CES) of 18.3 per transfer. The clinical pregnancy and implantation rates per transfer in these cycles (23.5 and 8.3% respectively) were comparable to those of fresh embryo transfers (35.7 and 12.7% respectively) with a mean number of 2.7 embryos and a mean CES of 28.7 per transfer. Abortion rates, although higher with cryopreserved 2PN oocytes were not significantly different. With this approach, cryopreservation of supernumerary 2PN oocytes can be used to improve the cumulative pregnancy rates in a severely defective spermatogenetic population. To our knowledge, these are the first pregnancies reported which have been obtained by the transfer of cryopreserved pronuclear oocytes obtained from ICSI using cryopreserved testicular spermatozoa.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical University of Lübeck, Lübeck, 23538 Germany and 2: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical University of Ankara, Ankara, 06100, Turkey
Publication date: August 1999
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.