Andrology. Efficacy and safety of recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (Gonal-F) with urinary human chorionic gonadotrophin for induction of spermatogenesis and fertility in gonadotrophin-deficient men
Source: Human Reproduction, Volume 14, Number 6, June 1999 , pp. 1540-1545(6)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract:In order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (r-hFSH) in combination with urinary human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) to induce spermatogenesis and fertility in gonadotrophin-deficient men, we conducted a prospective, open, non-comparative multicentre study in two Australian academic medical centres. Ten men with gonadotrophin deficiency requiring induction of spermatogenesis and fertility were treated with HCG for 3–6 months followed by the s.c. self-administration of injections of r-hFSH in combination with HCG for 18 months. Among the eight men who commenced r-hFSH treatment, seven demonstrated sperm output at a median of 6 months and five achieved the target sperm output of 1.5×106 per ml at a median of 9 months of FSH treatment. Mean testicular volume increased by 4.2 ml during FSH treatment. Three men produced pregnancies in their partners, two of which resulted in the birth of healthy babies and a third patient's partner had a miscarriage. We conclude that r-hFSH is well tolerated and effective in inducing testis growth, spermatogenesis and fertility in gonadotrophin-deficient men. The efficacy of r-hFSH seems comparable with urinary FSH at restoring normal fertility in gonadotrophin-deficient men.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Andrology Unit, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and Department of Medicine (DO2), University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 and 2: Royal Women's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Publication date: June 1999
- Human Reproduction features full-length, peer-reviewed papers reporting original research, clinical case histories, as well as opinions and debates on topical issues. Papers published cover the scientific and medical aspects of reproductive physiology and pathology, endocrinology, andrology, gonad function, gametogenesis, fertilization, embryo development, implantation, pregnancy, genetics, genetic diagnosis, oncology, infectious disease, surgery, contraception, infertility treatment, psychology, ethics and social issues. The highest scientific and editorial standard is maintained throughout the journal along with a rapid rate of publication.